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  #41  
Old 09-10-2013, 12:14 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Works for me! Can we get hold of your model and try to plug in our own designs please?
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  #42  
Old 09-10-2013, 01:02 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

I think this problem has so many variables it would be very difficult to calculate without a very large number of variables as input. Here is just a limited number of the variables.

Density of the firebrick dome and floor separately.
Thickness of dome if uniform then easier if it varies then more difficult.
Number of thermal breaks and then calculated heat transfer for each break
Thickness of floor.
Floor insulation and type and how much of each type.
Dome insulation, and type and how much of each type.
Flue arch, and all of the variables associated with dome or floor.
Ambient temperature of surroundings.
Barometric pressure
Humidity
Wind velocity and direction.
Altitude
Turbulence related to flue arch geometry there are many variables here such as floor at same level as oven, tapered entry vs straight, how much reveal at inner arch, arch to flue funnel size and shape etc...

Then there are all of the variables related to the pizza, dough hydration, number, type, mass, and hydration levels of each ingredient.
Placement of pizza relative to fire, last pizza location, number of pizzas in the oven,

Some calculation as to the amount of fire that is currently in the oven and values to account for ash insulation.

And this does not even begin to cover the types of tools being used, their materials, and how long they are in the oven and or how much heat they remove from the oven based on these variables.

So what is the bottom line for me....

If the oven is cooking well I throw another pizza in, if it is to cold I throw in more wood and wait a couple of minutes, if it is to hot I might lightly mop the floor or toss in a quick thin cheesy bread pizza to cool the floor a little.
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Last edited by mrchipster; 09-10-2013 at 01:06 PM.
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  #43  
Old 09-11-2013, 11:33 AM
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Location: England
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Quote:
Originally Posted by mrchipster View Post
I think this problem has so many variables it would be very difficult to calculate without a very large number of variables as input. Here is just a limited number of the variables.

Density of the firebrick dome and floor separately.
Thickness of dome if uniform then easier if it varies then more difficult.
Number of thermal breaks and then calculated heat transfer for each break
Thickness of floor.
Floor insulation and type and how much of each type.
Dome insulation, and type and how much of each type.
Flue arch, and all of the variables associated with dome or floor.
Ambient temperature of surroundings.
Barometric pressure
Humidity
Wind velocity and direction.
Altitude
Turbulence related to flue arch geometry there are many variables here such as floor at same level as oven, tapered entry vs straight, how much reveal at inner arch, arch to flue funnel size and shape etc...

Then there are all of the variables related to the pizza, dough hydration, number, type, mass, and hydration levels of each ingredient.
Placement of pizza relative to fire, last pizza location, number of pizzas in the oven,

Some calculation as to the amount of fire that is currently in the oven and values to account for ash insulation.

And this does not even begin to cover the types of tools being used, their materials, and how long they are in the oven and or how much heat they remove from the oven based on these variables.

So what is the bottom line for me....

If the oven is cooking well I throw another pizza in, if it is to cold I throw in more wood and wait a couple of minutes, if it is to hot I might lightly mop the floor or toss in a quick thin cheesy bread pizza to cool the floor a little.
Reminds me of my aero engineering days! Despite the various disciplines of fluid dynamics, finite stress analysis, the more human side of ergonomics, a general rule of thumb was "if it looks good it might be, if it looks bad it might be". Looking at all the different traditional designs around the world, let alone the different ratios and dimensions fom current manufacturers, it seems that within certain bandwidths there are quite a lot of differences too. Yet various users of each type sing their praises. Thanks for reply!

I'm going to take a suck it and see approach: use loads of insulation, start with a door on the large size and reduce it if necessary.extend the chimney if necessary, use 2 to 3 inches of heat screed. It'll be fun!
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  #44  
Old 05-13-2014, 07:19 AM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Interesting thread...

The discussion only seems to focus on the impact of the dome curvature on the distribution of heat... but isn't the whole 63% ratio of dome height to door height thing about the flow of air and the heat generation capacity of the oven... surely this is an important factor. You might build a dome that is optimal for distributing the heat for a particular purpose, but if it doesn't work from an airflow heat generation point of view, you might not get the heat to distribute in the first place???

So what is the conclusion?

- A parabolic dome will focus reflected energy onto a point
-An elliptical dome will focus the energy onto a ring

The latter sounds ideal for pizza cooking... if I calculate the elliptical shape I need to maintain the 64% height rule and so the ring is somewhere in the centre of my pizza, I'll see what shape I get!!
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  #45  
Old 05-13-2014, 08:38 AM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

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Originally Posted by di11on View Post

So what is the conclusion?

- A parabolic dome will focus reflected energy onto a point
-An elliptical dome will focus the energy onto a ring

The latter sounds ideal for pizza cooking... if I calculate the elliptical shape I need to maintain the 64% height rule and so the ring is somewhere in the centre of my pizza, I'll see what shape I get!!
It is...but you need not look further than ovens built centuries ago.
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  #46  
Old 05-13-2014, 08:40 AM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Think I'll just copy the dimensions of the Panyol 66 :-)

https://mainewoodheat.com/wood-fired...nyol-model-66/
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  #47  
Old 05-13-2014, 04:16 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Quote:
You might build a dome that is optimal for distributing the heat for a particular purpose, but if it doesn't work from an airflow heat generation point of view, you might not get the heat to distribute in the first place???
I believe the 63% golden door-height rule has to be the least-flexible 'variable' in proper dome design. Like StoneCutter said, just look at thousand-year-old ovens to see what good-breathing ovens look like.

According to mklingle's analysis, 42" domes with 21"H and 18"H have virtually identical heat signatures on the floor. Given the intensity of live pizza flames, I'm not sure even a parabolic dome shape would behave any different than a flatter Neapolitan dome.

Although pizza is a main fare at home, I built my oven with a 12" door-height to accommodate taller pots. Working with an 8.5" door-height like the Panyol 66 would certainly come with its own set of challenges.
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  #48  
Old 05-13-2014, 06:36 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Quote:
Originally Posted by GianniFocaccia View Post

According to mklingle's analysis, 42" domes with 21"H and 18"H have virtually identical heat signatures on the floor. Given the intensity of live pizza flames, I'm not sure even a parabolic dome shape would behave any different than a flatter Neapolitan dome.
Little temperature variables makes sense when your talking hemispherical domes, but there is no way that a flatter dome or more elliptical shape will perform the same, even at lower temps.

A pound of feathers is the same as a pound of lead, like 1000 degrees is a 1000 degrees in an oven.

But whether through convection or radiant heat, the source of the heat is closer to what is being baked, roasted or cooked in an elliptical (Neapolitian) dome. That will translate into much faster cook times, as far as finished product. So that is something to consider when designing an oven shape.
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  #49  
Old 05-13-2014, 06:50 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

Wood fired ovens do not cook by air temp, they cook via conductive heat (the floor) and radiant heat (the walls, ceiling, and active fire). Radiant heat is squared by the distance, so it has to be balanced with the conductive properties of the floor. Italian ovens using volcanic based materials have very different properties than medium or low duty firebrick floors, thus the ceiling height will be different for an oven using them. The Pompeii oven is not a Neapolitan oven, and the dimensions are different as is the shape of the dome.

All of that is splitting of very fine hairs in reality, but the 62% ratio applies across the range.
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  #50  
Old 05-13-2014, 07:17 PM
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Default Re: Mathematical analysis of dome geometry

To be clear, I was talking about the temperature of the masonry, not the air.
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