re insulating hearth
I have been given some fire bricks out of a kiln. Is it possible to place these bricks on top of the cement stand ( SLAB) to use as an insulating hearth, and then place the normal fire bricks on them for the oven floor. The bricks are thicker than the ones recommended for the oven dom.This would save me some time as I live on a farm.
Any help or advice would be great.
I don't really know, but I'm really interested to find out. It sounds like it could work really well though. What stage of your hearth slab are you at? I just said really too many times.
I am at the planning stage, because i am on a farm i am restricted to a certain degree as to having materials delevired etc.. So i am trying to build the oven as
cost effective as a possible
Thicker is always better, for heat retention in particular. I've got a very simple and cheap method for adding insulation below the hearth. Haven't got the pics together yet, but I will by next week, and I'll be posting them here. Trying to explain with words only wouldn't work very well.
Are those kiln bricks insulating or conductive?
My only observation is that if the underlayment of bricks conducts heat, it will such the heat from your oven floor and conduct it to the hearth slab, which will REALLY suck up the heat. You should try to build a thermal barrier. I am using Fiberfrax insulating board.
I think we're at cross purposes here, probably because of the definition of terms. To retain heat, you want to heat your fire brick and let the heat be stored in the bricks AND slab. Below that, you have an insulation layer of some sort, the more efficient the better. The thickness of the hearth bricks and the thickness of the slab that contacts it both contribute to heat retention and heat equilibrium. Below that, you want to insulate, insulate, insulate. The method I mentioned has to do with adding more insulation even below the insulation you've already installed. Part of my confusion might have to do with the fact that my oven is an Alan Scott design for bread; yours, I assume, are primarily for pizzas. There are many differences, but heat management is not one of them. Let's clarify and then continue.
And also insulate the dome! Heat rises
(M) Those who choose not to build an enclosure typically apply a thick coat of Perlcrete to their dome bricks. Now also insulate under your hearth as Canuck Jim advises.
Insulate above or below
Present and Future Builders-
Pay close attention to CanuckJim words. He is describing a hearth that was originally in the Pompeii plans.
Make Bread All Day
Top down your have fire brick floor placed on a heat sink (reinforced concrete) and that is on insulating matrix (concrete and perlite or vermiculite). This method of the hearth gives a large thermal mass or heat sink that is ideal for long term bread baking as that is Jim's primary use.
Make 3 minute Pizaa and some bread
This past year a few/couple builders at the direction of the forum have flipped the order of the hearth. Top down you have the fire brick floor placed on an insulating matrix and under that you have your reinforced concrete. A derivative of that is to build an thermal island directly under the floor about 2 inches thick if you want extra thermal mass. It will take less time to get the floor fire bricks up to the heat they need to cook your pizzas, in the hours after your main cooking you still have time for a few loaves of bread or a roast.
You need to decide what your main cooking usage will be and build accordingly.
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