web analytics
foundation for cold weather - Forno Bravo Forum: The Wood-Fired Oven Community

Announcement

Collapse

Forum Issues Update

We are continuing to work diligently to resolve the issues currently being experienced with the PhotoPlog. Thank you for your patience!
See more
See less

foundation for cold weather

Collapse
X
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • foundation for cold weather

    I just downloaded the plans and would like to build a raised version of the pompeii oven. I live in an area where freezing and heaving of structures is normally an issue to consider - has anyone in a cold area dug the traditional 3 ft foundation to support the walls when building one of these ovens ? Thanks!

  • #2
    Re: foundation for cold weather

    Lots of people on the board have ovens in New England. There are a variety of solutions. Do a search on "frost heave" and you'll pull up a ton of threads describing the various considerations and solutions.

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: foundation for cold weather

      Originally posted by jgv109 View Post
      I just downloaded the plans and would like to build a raised version of the pompeii oven. I live in an area where freezing and heaving of structures is normally an issue to consider - has anyone in a cold area dug the traditional 3 ft foundation to support the walls when building one of these ovens ? Thanks!
      I live in Ct. and although this winter hasn't been too bad last winter was a bute! I had my slab and stand constructed before last winter and it has survived well both times so far. I have clay/ledge soil,the worst for frost heave damage so if you have anything better no worries! (And anything is better than clay!) I dug down about a foot and dumped in 3/4" stone for drainage and I also dig 9 holes for sono tube and went with the "pillar" foundation. Here are some pics, I went down 42" for the tubes or I stopped at ledge. At the bottom of the tubes I put in some 3/4 stone for drainage until I hit the 42" mark. Drainage, drainage, drainage is your best friend! From the under the base I also had drainage pipe running down the back. This is connected to the drainage pipe I put in for the retaining walls and patio area. Good Luck and enjoy your build! btw the pompeii oven works GREAT!
      John
      Attached Files
      Last edited by Aegis; 02-05-2012, 01:42 PM.
      Build Thread:http://www.fornobravo.com/forum/f8/i...ome-15521.html
      Photos: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/brick-...67884/pic/list
      Oven Blog: http://johns-brickoven.blogspot.com/...ven-folly.html

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: foundation for cold weather

        I have a plain 5.5" reinforced slab in central Vermont, resting on three feet of compacted stone (I kept hitting debris from 130 years of previous renovation - including two ash layers - so I kept digging). Now my patio heaves up and down around the oven .

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: foundation for cold weather

          I will be doing a pier foundation as Aegis has done. Also planning on belling out the bottoms. My frost dept is only twentyfour inches so I will be going thirty, or a bit more, and adding drainage rock. I need to have a building permit here and "the man" said it would be fine.

          They actually plan on coming out to inspect my footings. Then he said he would be back when it is all completed. Seems to me there might be a few things in between those two stages of building.

          David
          "Leave the gun. Take the cannoli." - Peter Clemenza

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: foundation for cold weather

            There seems to be a lot of confusion about the impact of frost heave on various structures. People put a lot of effort into over engineering these things for no particular reason. You have to worry a lot about frost heave when you have to connect to other structures such as a deck connecting to a house.

            I have a 24' x 40' garage on a slab and this summer will be constructing a 40' x 100' workshop on a slab. Thats just a floating slab. My oven is on a floating slab and there is no reason to be concerned than anything bad will happen as a result: it'll go up a bit and it'll settle down a but with the thaw/frost cycle. Nobody puts foundations or frostwalls or sonotubes on sidewalks do they?

            So, remove the topsoil, make sure there is a well drained compacted gravel base and get going.

            Have a look. This is from Canada. We know cold. http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publicati...2000-127E.html The styrofoam is to reduce heat loss during the heating season, not to prevent frost heave.
            Last edited by Mingy; 02-06-2012, 02:05 PM.

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: foundation for cold weather

              Mingy has it right.

              A well reinforced floating slab is the way to go on frost susceptible soils. If it is tied in any way to the patio or other structures, consider a pile type foundation.

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: foundation for cold weather

                Thanks to everyone for sharing their approaches! I'm new to the forum but I have to say this seems like a great community of folks.

                ...at the moment my husband is concerned that a slab without a suitable foundation will not heave in a uniform way and the oven sitting on a slab without a foundation may be damaged...his current plan is to dig a trench 8-10" wide and 3 ' deep around the perimeter of the slab and fill it with concrete to the grade

                I'll definitely encourage him to read through this forum before we start the dig...the "big dig" if we follow his plan

                Thanks again! Best, Jeanna

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: foundation for cold weather

                  I've seen lots of unusual solutions suggested here to the cold weather problem ranging from slabs a few feet thick to sonotubes down a few feet with a slab on top to a foundation below the frost line. These are not only expensive, they have their own issues like cost, or the possibility things could be worse as a result of the proposed solution. You can think of frost heave as expansion and contraction: The oven is so small, no matter what you do, the ground will freeze below it. Sonotubes will add weight (a downward force) putting huge strains on the slab.

                  If you confine frozen earth (by boxing with a foundation) it will freeze and force up and out. This will probably be enough to crack any wall or slab. This doesn't happen with a house because a house if big (and heated).

                  A floating slab will rise up and settle down. We aren't talking a foot or two, more along the lines of an inch or so. If properly reinforced as per the instructions, it'll rise up a bit then settle down a bit. There will not be undue stress on the structure as with other solutions.

                  I should stress that any construction needs a suitable soil, regardless


                  * edit * I want to clarify my comments about a foundation and slab and stresses. When they build a house, they take care to not connect the floor slab to the foundation when the floor slab is ground level, like in a garage. This way, if there is soil movement upwards, the slab kind of floats and then settles back. So, if you build a foundation, below the frost line and a suspended slab (the bottom of the oven) and the floor (storage area) floats, you should be ok. Its a huge waste of effort and cost, but it should work. If you tie a frost wall or tubes into a ground level slab, thats when you've got the stresses I've mentioned.

                  By the way, I have heavy equipment, including a backhoe, so I don't have to dig by hand. Nonetheless, I don't see the point.


                  If you don't believe my link from the Canadian government, research slab on grade construction in cold areas. As I have said, it is quite common in cold climates for out buildings, etc.. Also, as I noted, when do see foundations around driveways or sidewalks?
                  Last edited by Mingy; 02-08-2012, 06:55 AM. Reason: clarification

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: foundation for cold weather

                    Originally posted by Mingy View Post
                    I've seen lots of unusual solutions suggested here to the cold weather problem ranging from slabs a few feet thick to sonotubes down a few feet with a slab on top to a foundation below the frost line. These are not only expensive, they have their own issues like cost, or the possibility things could be worse as a result of the proposed solution. You can think of frost heave as expansion and contraction: The oven is so small, no matter what you do, the ground will freeze below it. Sonotubes will add weight (a downward force) putting huge strains on the slab.


                    By the way, I have heavy equipment, including a backhoe, so I don't have to dig by hand. Nonetheless, I don't see the point.


                    If you don't believe my link from the Canadian government, research slab on grade construction in cold areas. As I have said, it is quite common in cold climates for out buildings, etc.. Also, as I noted, when do see foundations around driveways or sidewalks?
                    Wish this info was available when I asked these questions two years ago All I got was to ask local builders and inspectors what was needed in my area. I will keep my fingers crossed and hope for the best. That is all I can do at this point....
                    Build Thread:http://www.fornobravo.com/forum/f8/i...ome-15521.html
                    Photos: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/brick-...67884/pic/list
                    Oven Blog: http://johns-brickoven.blogspot.com/...ven-folly.html

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: foundation for cold weather

                      Hopefull, it'll work out: did you get past the first winter ok?

                      Builders can be useful to consult, but they are in business, which can mean doing something for $20K when they can get the same result for $5K. Probably the worst people to ask would be concrete suppliers since they are in the business of selling concrete. Inspectors know the building code backwards and forwards, but the code often does not address specific things, and, in any even, often has all kinds of options.

                      When I designed and built my house, I bought the code and read through it (it doesn't address pizza ovens or other small structures. Even then, following code doesn't garantee success: I built an 800 square foot deck, 100% inspected and per code, and two of the vertical, sonotube supports went up (permanently) after 2 years. I can't even get anybody to tell me how this is possible. Fortunately, it is fixable: jack the deck up a scosh, trim the posts accordingly, and lower it down.

                      Did you finish your oven? Mine is mostly done: I just have to put a stone veneer on the outside, make the door, and finish seasoning it.

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: foundation for cold weather

                        Originally posted by Mingy View Post
                        Hopefull, it'll work out: did you get past the first winter ok?
                        Yes, it has made it through last years really tough winter we had here in New England. Last year I had the foundation and the stand completed before the winter. This year I have the oven with almost all enclosure done. It is still ok, but this winter is very mild. Which maybe worse for frost heaves, more freezing and thawing cycles.
                        Originally posted by Mingy View Post
                        When I designed and built my house, I bought the code and read through it (it doesn't address pizza ovens or other small structures. Even then, following code doesn't garantee success: I built an 800 square foot deck, 100% inspected and per code, and two of the vertical, sonotube supports went up (permanently) after 2 years. I can't even get anybody to tell me how this is possible. Fortunately, it is fixable: jack the deck up a scosh, trim the posts accordingly, and lower it down.
                        I also built a deck three years ago with the same sono tubes and posts. Those seem to be working quite well and is solid as a rock(so far)

                        Originally posted by Mingy View Post
                        Did you finish your oven? Mine is mostly done: I just have to put a stone veneer on the outside, make the door, and finish seasoning it.
                        I need to finish closing the back and finish veneering the sides. Here is a pic of present progress. btw: now the wife wants me to extend the patio around the back of that counter to the back end of the oven!
                        John
                        Attached Files
                        Build Thread:http://www.fornobravo.com/forum/f8/i...ome-15521.html
                        Photos: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/brick-...67884/pic/list
                        Oven Blog: http://johns-brickoven.blogspot.com/...ven-folly.html

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: foundation for cold weather

                          Niiiicccceeee!

                          I was thinking about using bricks for mine. My house has a brick exterior that looks like your bricks. My wife wants a rustic look, meaning stones. I looked at natural stone veneer and they wanted $4K :^0 ! So I figured I'd walk around my fields and use those rocks.

                          Very nice work.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: foundation for cold weather

                            Originally posted by Mingy View Post
                            Niiiicccceeee!

                            I was thinking about using bricks for mine. My house has a brick exterior that looks like your bricks. My wife wants a rustic look, meaning stones. I looked at natural stone veneer and they wanted $4K :^0 ! So I figured I'd walk around my fields and use those rocks.

                            Very nice work.
                            Thanks Mingy, Those are actually pavers that I am using on their sides for a dry stack look. My wife is in charge of the decorating aspect, I only let her know what I can or can't do... which btw is different that what could be done verses what can't be done! lol The pavers weren't that expensive, and we couldn't find brick the color she wanted. I hope this holds up well, I am using type S mortar for the "veneering" of the pavers.
                            Build Thread:http://www.fornobravo.com/forum/f8/i...ome-15521.html
                            Photos: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/brick-...67884/pic/list
                            Oven Blog: http://johns-brickoven.blogspot.com/...ven-folly.html

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: foundation for cold weather

                              Aegis,

                              That looks great. I am lovin' your roof lines.

                              I will have to ask my building inspector about the footing for my oven. He said, "footings below frost line." I will ask to see if there is an alternative.

                              Mingy,

                              I read an article a while ago that said something along the lines of if you make a pier foundation the piers should not be "attached" to the slab. It, meaning the slab, should almost ride on the piers. The gentleman in the article placed something between his piers and the slab. Like a felt or tar paper. Does that sound correct?

                              David
                              "Leave the gun. Take the cannoli." - Peter Clemenza

                              Comment

                              Working...
                              X