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Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix? - Forno Bravo Forum: The Wood-Fired Oven Community

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Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

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  • Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

    Is it possible to use type S mortar + fireclay to achieve a good home brew mortar? Or are the ratios all messed up?

    It would be easier to buy the premix and add fireclay rather than buy a bag of lime and a bag of sand and a bag of portland cement and mix them with the clay. Saving a step or two.

    Does this make sense or am I up in the night?

    Thanks,

    Derk

  • #2
    Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

    The sand in pre-mixed mortar is not exactly the correct sand, but it is probably close enough. You will have problems getting joints smaller than 1/4" though.

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

      Exactly what I needed to know....about the sand. I posted a similar question earlier today and one poster recomended silica sand.
      George

      My 34" WFO build

      Weber 22-OTG / Ugly Drum Smoker / 34" WFO

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

        Sugar sand, pool filter sand, ash tray sand. It is called a lot of things, the most important thing is that it is finely graded.

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

          Tscar,
          while we have you answering mortar questions: I have seen type s mortar and type n, what is the difference?
          E

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          • #6
            Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

            George,

            Here's TScarborough's earlier reply to my question regarding silica sand:

            "The rule of thumb is to use as large a sand grain as the joint will allow. So for 1/16" joints, you have the correct sand. For 3/8" joints it is too fine. Even more important than the size is the grading. You want from just above dust to the largest size (1/8" for normal masonry sand), as the cause of the cracking is shrinkage of the cementious paste as it dries. The more the gaps of the mortar are filled with aggregate, the less cracking.

            Think of a jar of marbles. The spaces around the marbles are large. Now add in some marbles 1/2 the size, and 1/4 the size, 1/8, etc. The spaces will be much smaller (and uniform) with the blend.

            That is what you are trying to achieve with a good mortar or stucco, no matter what it is used for: a blend of aggregate particles coated with a cementious paste."

            John

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            • #7
              Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

              Type S and N are STRENGTH designations, not ingredient designations. In other words, a bag of Type N masonry cement will weigh 70#, while a bag of Type S masonry cement will weigh 75# of the exact same material. When mixed with an equal amount of sand, the Type N will produce a mortar with a strength of 750 PSI and Type S a strength of 1800 PSI (There are 2 other Types, O (350PSI), and M (3500PSI).

              However it is important to remember that high PSI is NOT the important factor in mortar. Normally the weakest mortar that will suffice is specified. The important physical properties are bond strength and flexural strength, which as a rule are inverse to compressive strength.

              Mortar is NOT concrete!
              Last edited by Tscarborough; 04-17-2010, 08:25 AM.

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              • #8
                Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                And just to confuse you further, the Type designation of Portland Cement IS an ingredient designation. Type I or Type I/II are the only ones used in masonry in general.

                BTW, here is how they came up with the mortar strength letters:

                M
                A
                S
                O
                N


                I dunno why they didn't use "A"

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                  Thanks guys, for the valuable info!!

                  So basically, I will be mixing 2 diff batches of fireclay mortar, one for thin joints and another for thicker joints.

                  Then, can I use thinset mortar + fireclay in this case, for thinner joints?
                  George

                  My 34" WFO build

                  Weber 22-OTG / Ugly Drum Smoker / 34" WFO

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                    I used a combination of heatstop and home brew mortar- once I had cut enough bricks to get enough fireclay to use, I had just about run out of the heatstop. Great timing for once...

                    My sand was basically bagged playsand that I had left over from the plasterers. It was pretty fine stuff. It's really not hard at all to measure the lime, portland, sand and fireclay- I used a plastic cup to measure. That way I never had more made up than I could manage, and the ingredients stayed in the shed just fine. I do still have some lime left, but all the other ingredients got used up.

                    I don't know if using type S with fireclay is really going to get you what you want- I don't know the ratio of the ingredients in type S, though. I used type S to do my stucco, though, and the sand in it was a whole lot bigger than what I used in my homebrew mortar.
                    Elizabeth

                    http://www.fornobravo.com/forum/f8/e...html#post41545

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                    • #11
                      Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                      Yeah, my only concern is the ratio of these bagged goods, but most importantly, the consistency of the ratios. Perhaps I should mix them ingredient by ingredient.
                      George

                      My 34" WFO build

                      Weber 22-OTG / Ugly Drum Smoker / 34" WFO

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                        They are volumetric measurements, not weight, so just use a coffee can or something. It is only important that they are in ratio in relation to themselves, if you know what I mean.

                        I am not sure about using pre-mixed thinset, I would probably not.

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                          I think that I will use the type s as a backup for non refractory needs in the oven.

                          I have one bag of FB refractory mix, I will use it on my initial setting of firebrick, keep the type S for cladding or block. I can get the homebrew ingredients for about $9-15 per bag. My firebrick for the back wall, dome and front area are almost a perfect dry fit with small joints so one bag plus a little homebrew might be enough.


                          Derk

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                          • #14
                            Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                            This was an interesting page with all sorts of good info about mortar composition and uses:

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: Type S Mortar + Fireclay = good mix?

                              I pre-mixed a 5 gal bucketful of 3 sand / 2 fireclay / 1 lime / 1 portland but the whole mixture seemed a bit fine due to the #30 grit sand I used. Should I use courser sand for joints over 1/4"? Would plaster sand work? They seem to be readily available besides the #30 grit fine sand I found at Home Depot.
                              George

                              My 34" WFO build

                              Weber 22-OTG / Ugly Drum Smoker / 34" WFO

                              Comment

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